Differences between a wood jointer and a wood planer

Sometimes people mistake wood jointers and wood planers to function the same way, no. They actually function differently. A wood jointer is different from a wood planer and a wood planer is different from a wood jointer.

How can you tell the difference?

A jointer is a wood working tool which is used for creating flat surfaces along the edges and faces of a piece of wood. The job of a jointer is to flatten the edges and faces of a piece of wood. 

Most lumber are mostly sold in the form of rectangular boards, which are normally custom cut in the workshop into different, thicknesses, widths and length. 

When a large piece of lumber is cut down to different sizes, the surfaces are not even. Here is where a jointer comes into play. A jointer is used to even up these surfaces.

The wood with the uneven surface is placed in the in-feed table of a jointer, where it is pushed through steel cutting blades over to the out-feed table. 

This process is done repeatedly until the desired smoothness of the surface is acquired. 

The work of a jointer is to ensure that the surfaces of pieces of wood are smooth and even so that they can be joined together without any difficulty.

On the other hand, a planer is not used to flatten the surface of wood, but to reduce a piece of wood to a desired thickness. When a piece of wood is too thick to what you desire it for, the planer comes into play.